Each of us has a vital need for communication. Many children with autism are practically unable to communicate, it is difficult for them to address others with requests, complaints, with the desire to share impressions. The communication process is very complex and abstract for them. They are not “lazy” when they don’t say the words and communicate, they just don’t know how to do it.
This programme does not teach oral language directly, however, this training does promote speech development in a child with autism – some children begin to use spontaneous speech after starting the PECS programme.
PECS is taught in the child’s natural environment, in the classroom or at home, during the child’s typical activities of the day. Teaching the child to communicate in this way occurs using positive behavioural support, which is called the pyramid approach. Teaching techniques include various ABA strategies such as chaining, prompting, modelling and environmental modifications.
The PECS system allows the concept of “communication” or “communication” to be defined in a way that is accessible to a child with autism. “Communication is an exchange that requires a communicative partner. That is, the child, cannot say something into the air and out of the air will appear what he wants to receive. The child must “address” – approach the partner, attract the partner’s attention, and state his/her request in an accessible (for the child) and understandable (for the partner) way. And then the partner will provide the child with what he or she has asked for.
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